Hosted by

Holyoke Community College

Eastern Native Tree Society


Free and Open to the Public

HCC Forum (C building)

October 14-15, 2010





9:00AM Summit Area Open Exhibits
9:30 AM Introductions  
10:00 AM Dr. Susan Flader Keynote Address
11:00 AM Dr. David Foster Harvard Forest
NOON Lunch  
2:00 PM Heidi Ricci Mass Audubon
3:00 PM Bob O'Connor Mass EOEA
4:00 PM Sharl Heller, et al Friends Groups
5:00 PM DINNER  
7:00 PM Mary Booth Columbia U
8:00 PM Chris Matera Mass Forest Watch
9:00 AM Dr. Henry Art Williams College
10:00 AM Dr. Lee Frelich U Minnesota
11:00 AM Dr. Jesse Bellemare Smith College
NOON Lunch  
2:00 PM Dr. Neil Pederson Columbia U
3:00 PM Prof. Gary Beluzo HCC
4:00 PM Dr. Doug Seale Independent
5:00 PM DINNER  
7:00 PM Bob Leverett FMTSF/ENTS
8:00 PM Will Blozan ENTS



October 14, 2010 (Thursday Morning at 9:30 am)

Introductions and Overview

Dr. Susan Fader (Keynote Address)
rofessor emerita of environmental history at the University of Missouri-Columbia

"Aldo Leopold Legacy and Its Application to a Forest in Missouri "

This presentation will explore the development and implications of Aldo Leopold's concepts of land health and a land ethic by reference not only to his own experience as a forester and his restoration of his Wisconsin farm and shack but also with a focus on a visionary enterprise in Missouri, Leo Drey's 150,000-acre Pioneer Forest, a working forest now owned by the L-A-D Foundation.

Susan Flader is professor emerita of environmental history at the University of Missouri-Columbia. She has published several books and numerous articles on forester and wildlife ecologist Aldo Leopold and on forests and parks in Missouri. She has also served as president of the American Society for Environmental History, board chair of the Aldo Leopold Foundation, and president of the Missouri Parks Association.


Dr. David Foster
Director of Harvard Forest at Harvard University

"Wildlands and Woodlands Vision "

Dr, David Foster is an ecologist and director of the Harvard Forest at Harvard University where he has been a faculty member in the Department of Organismic and Evolutionary Biology since 1983. He is the author of Thoreau's Country - Journey through a Transformed Landscape (1999), New England Forests Through Time (2000; both Harvard University Press) and Forests in Time - The Environmental Consequences of 1000 years of Change in New England (2004; Yale University Press). David is the Principal Investigator for the Harvard Forest Long Term Ecological Research program, which is funded by the National Science Foundation and involves more than 50 researchers, 25 graduate students, and 30 undergraduates from across the Northeast investigating the dynamics of New England landscape.


October 14, 2010 (Thursday Afternoon at 2:00 pm)

Heidi Ricci
Massachusetts Audubon Society

"Strategies and Techniques for Bringing Parties Together to Forge Workable Policies "

This presentation will describe advocacy strategies to protect the role of forests in sustaining people and nature in a rapidly changing climate. It will include an overview of Mass Audubon’s new strategy on climate change, status and trends of forests in Massachusetts, local forests’ role in climate change mitigation and adaptation. Current public debate and policy initiatives related to forests and energy will be presented to illustrate advocacy techniques (persistent, polite persuasion, founded in science with practical strategies for moving government policies and initiatives in positive directions in the face of many pressures and influences).

Heidi Ricci is a Senior Policy Analyst at Mass Audubon, with over twenty five years of experience in environmental policy, wetlands regulation and restoration, land use planning and regulation, open space protection, and public lands management. She is the primary author of Mass Audubon’s publication, Shaping the Future of Your Community - A Citizen’s Guide to Involvement in Community Planning, Land Protection, and Project Review. She has a B.S. degree in Biology from Tufts University and an M.S. degree in Resource Management and Administration from Antioch University New England. Heidi has served on numerous state advisory committees including the Department of Conservation and Recreation’s recent Forest Futures Visioning Process.


Bob O'Connor
Massachusetts Executive Office of Energy and Environmental Affairs (EOEEA)

"Massachusetts EOEEA Vision Strategies for Implementation"


Sharl Heller and Friends

"How Friends Organizations Help Preserve Important State Sites"

Miles Standish State Forest, MA

Mike Ryan, Melrose, MA
Executive Director Friends of the Middlesex Fells Reservation;  Facilitator for the Massachusetts Forest and Park Friends Network;  Former member of Advisory Group of Stakeholders, Forest Futures Visioning Process representing citizen forest advocates;  MA economics; former career in Boston area advertising photography;  Former Peace Corps volunteer, Marshall Islands, Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands

Claudia Hurley, Westfield, MA
A founder and leader of the Friends of Robinson State Park;  Facilitator for the Massachusetts Forest and Park Friends Network;  Former member of Advisory Group of Stakeholders, Forest Futures Visioning Process representing citizen forest advocates; BA political science, BA math; former math teacher
Nature enthusiast, particularly as amateur bird watcher, member of the Springfield Allen Bird Club

Sharl Heller, Plymouth, MA
Founder and President Friends of Myles Standish State Forest;  Facilitator for the Massachusetts Forest and Park Friends Network;  Friends Groups representative on the DCR Off-Highway Vehicle Enforcement Working Group;  BA history; Co owner and Art Agent, Resonance Fine Art;  Former member of the Lincoln Sudbury High School School Committee and Building Committee member


October 14, 2010 (Thursday Evening at 7:00 pm)

Mary Booth
PhD. in Ecosystem Ecology

“Biomass - The Unvarnished Truth about it; What the science really tells us ” This presentation will focus on the implications of biomass power for forest cutting and carbon emissions, also providing a critique of the Manomet Study, upon which the State of Massachusetts has based controversial new regulations restricting biomass power.

I am trained as an ecosystem ecologist (PhD, Utah State University) and had postdoctoral fellowships at the Ecosystems Center at the Woods Hole Marine Biological Laboratory and at the Earth Institute at Columbia University. My work has spanned a variety of systems and scales from microbial ecology in desert soils to watershed modeling in the Midwest, examining the sources of nitrogen pollution in the Gulf of Mexico. For the last two years I’ve been working to bring sanity to renewable energy policy in Massachusetts and beyond by analyzing the impacts of biomass power generation. Working with Environmental Working Group, I authored Clearcut Disaster, an analysis of forest cutting and carbon emissions from biomass buildout under a federal renewable energy standard, and have also produced a number of other analyses.


Chris Matera
Massachusetts Forest Watch

"The Reality of Harvesting Methods Promoted as Useful to the Public"


A photographic and graphical overview of the root causes of the recent public forest logging controversies, an examination of the newly proposed protections for Massachusetts public forests, and a look at the future for Massachusetts and New England forests, including the potential carbon and forest impacts of proposed bio-energy projects.

Chris Matera is a civil engineer and the founder of Massachusetts Forest Watch, a citizen watchdog group formed to protect public forests and promote genuinely “clean" and "green" energy solutions.


October 15, 2010 (Friday Morning at 10:00 am)

Dr. Henry Art
Robert F. Rosenburg Professor of Biology & Environmental Studies at Williams College

"The Beinecke Stand, Hopkins Forest, Williamstown, MA: The Last 75 years of Old-Growth Woodlot Dynamics"


The Beinecke Stand of the Hopkins Memorial Forest in Williamstown. MA is a 12-acre old-growth woodlot that was never cleared for agriculture, and survived as an wooded island in a sea of 18th-20th Century farms. This presentation traces the changes in the Beinecke Stand over the past 75 years, interpreting quantitative data from plots established by the US Forest Service in the mid-1930s and intensively investigated since the 1970s.

Henry W. Art, The Robert F. Rosenburg Professor of Biology & Environmental Studies at Williams College. Taught biology and environmental studies at Williams College since 1970 when he rejuvenated the Hopkins Memorial Forest as a field research site. His research centers on the impacts of past land uses on the successional patterns, growth rates, and ecosystem functions of a landscape typical of western New England. He is a past chair of the Biology Department and former director of the Center for Environmental Studies at Williams. He also serves on the Williamstown Conservation Commission, the Board of Trustees of the Conway School of Landscape Design, and is the Vice President of the Williamstown Rural Lands Foundation.


Dr. Lee Frelich

"Forest and Moose Interactions on Isle Royale National Park "
University of Minnesota, Director of the Center for Hardwood Ecology

Moose and forest vegetation interactions have been studied on Isle Royale for 40 years. Moose have created bonsai forests of balsam fir by consuming most of the new growth every year and prevented establishment of favored browse species such as mountain maple and mountain ash. In addition, moose are far more likely to browse isolated sugar maple saplings than sugar maple saplings within the maple forest. Thus, they are probably preventing the advance of maple forest into the spruce forest which is expected as a result of a warmer climate. However, moose numbers are now lower than they have been in several decades, and some of these effects may be reversed in the future.

Lee E. Frelich is Director of the University of Minnesota Center for Hardwood Ecology. He received a Ph.D. in Forest Ecology from the University of Wisconsin-Madison in 1986. Frelich teaches courses in Forest Fire Ecology and Landscape Ecology on St. Paul Campus. He has advised 20 graduate students, and is a senior member of the Conservation Biology, Natural Resource Science and Management, Ecology, and Invasive Species Graduate Programs. Frelich has published numerous papers on forest ecology and has been listed among the top 1% of all scientists in the world in the Science Citation Index, Ecology and Environment Category. He has appeared in the news media 250 times including The New York Times, Newsweek, National Geographic, and many TV and radio stations. Current research interests include fire and wind in boreal forests, long-term dynamics of old-growth hemlock and maple forests, invasive earthworms in forests, and global warming.



Jesse Bellamare
Department of Biological Sciences at Smith College

"Plant Conservation and Climate Change: The View from the Forests of the Northeast"


This presentation will consider some of the likely impacts of climate change on forest vegetation in the Northeast, with a particular focus on plant species that reach their distribution limits in the region. The results of experiments testing the nature of distribution limits will be reviewed and placed in the context of the biogeographic and paleoecological history of the region. Options for plant conservation, up to and including so-called "assisted migration", will be discussed. Jesse Bellemare is a plant ecologist in the Department of Biological Sciences at Smith College in Northampton, MA. Research in the Bellemare Lab focuses on questions related to seed dispersal, plant community assembly, and plant conservation.

Jesse Bellemare is a plant ecologist in the Department of Biological Sciences at Smith College in Northampton, MA. Research in the Bellemare Lab focuses on questions related to seed dispersal, plant community assembly, and plant conservation.


October 15, 2010 (Friday Afternoon at 2:00 pm)

Dr. Neil Pederson
Tree Ring Laboratory of Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory and Columbia University

"The Tale of the Rings: What do Tree Rings Reveal in the way of Useful Scientific Information"

This talk will highlight the characteristics of old trees that Neil has noticed over the last 15 yrs in the eastern U.S. and highlight some of the new insights gained from studying these trees. In particular, Dr. Pederson will focus on past drought history in the eastern US, regional disturbance history and the potential interaction between climate and forest ecology.

Neil Pederson grew up in rural central NY State and spent much time in the Adirondack Mountains where he gained an appreciation for nature. Between his B.S. and M.S. degrees in forest ecology, he worked in the longleaf pine forests of southern Georgia, hardwood forests of northern Vermont and then forests of Mongolia, China, Russia before focusing on eastern U.S. forests for his dissertation. Neil taught at Eastern Kentucky University for five years in the biology before becoming a research scientist at the Tree Ring Laboratory of Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory and Columbia University. His main research interest is the interaction between climate and forest history in diverse, temperate forests.

Prof. Gary A. Beluzo
Professor of Environmental Science at Holyoke Community College

"The Autopoietic Forest: Concepts and Reality ”

Little River Gorge, MA

We see phrases like: Old Growth Forest, Primeval Forest, First Growth Forest, Primary Growth Forest, Virgin Forest, Managed Forest, and Natural Forest. How are these terms related, and how do we consider and classify our remaining forested ecosystems? Professor Beluzo suggests a new way of viewing and classifying forests based on the degree of naturalness, structural complexity, and to what extent a forest is "autopoietic". Given the impact of logging, habitat fragmentation, and the introduction of some 400 pathogens and exotic species in the U.S., should all forests be "man-aged"?

Gary Beluzo is a Professor of Environmental Science at Holyoke Community College. He was the Department Chair for 14 years before returning to full time teaching and devoting his off-campus time to Old Growth Forests. Although Gary’s earlier interest was in limnology, he began a partnership with Bob Leverett in the fall of 1998 to inventory, characterize, and map with GIS the old growth forests of Massachusetts with a special permit from the MASS DCR. Through an NSF Grant in 1996, Professor Beluzo created an Environmental GIS laboratory at HCC and is now developing an extensive geo-database of old growth forests and champion trees for Massachusetts. Gary is also part of a network of scientists exploring the relationships between various environmental factors and tree growth in the Eastern United States under the auspices of the Center for Hardwood Ecology at the University of Minnesota. Professor Beluzo is the on-campus architect of the HCC Forest Summit Series which now annually draws scientists and forest aficionados from throughout the Eastern United States.

Gary A. Beluzo

Professor of Environmental  Science

Holyoke Community College

Holyoke, MA 01040

413 552-2445


Dr. Doug Seale
PhD Philosophy

"The History of Environmental Ethics and Forests”

The presentation focuses on the ethical and aesthetic choices we face when considering how we should relate to forest environments and the attitudes which underlie those choices. Are forests only valuable because we can use them for utilitarian (i.e. economically profitable) purposes? Or are there additional values which should and must be considered? In this presentation, I consider the views of Aldo Leopold, some early American environmentalists, and others who have contributed to our understanding of environmental and ecological values.

Doug is an independent researcher in environmental ethics, environmental philosophy, and the history of environmental ideas, which are his areas of special interest. He holds a Ph.D. in philosophy and teaches Environmental Ethics and other courses part-time at Framingham State University. He is a frequent contributor of book reviews for the Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics. He is a former Board Member of the Friends of the Assabet River National Wildlife Refuge and was recently admitted to the Board of Supervisors for the Middlesex Conservation District


October 15, 2010 (Friday Evening at 7:00 pm)

Robert T. Leverett
Friends of Mohawk Trail State Forest and the Eastern Native Tree Society

"The Great Forests of Massachusetts"

Bob Leverett at Ice Glenn, MA

Bob Leverett has been described as the "old growth forest evangelist of the east". His widespread forest meanderings have led to a large database of tree measurements and an encyclopedic knowledge of the significant remaining forests of the eastern U.S. This evening Bob takes us on a visually stunning tour of the "Great Forests of Massachusetts."

Bob and fellow ENTS co-founder Will Blozan have pioneered tree measuring techniques that have allowed ground-based measurements to be accurate to within a foot of true height. Bob is the President of the Friends of the Mohawk Trail State Forest, the primary architect of the Eastern Old Growth Conference series, and co-organizer of the HCC/ENTS Forest Summit Series.  His extensive wanderings throughout the Eastern US have earned him the title "Eastern Old Growth Forest sleuth". Bob's recently published book (coauthored with Bruce Kershner) entitled "Sierra Club Guide to Ancient Forests of the Northeast" will be available at the Forest Summit.    

Robert T. Leverett

Executive Director of ENTS
52 Fairfield AvenueHolyoke, MA  01040
413 538-8631


 Will Blozan
President of the Eastern Native Tree Society and Appalachian Arborists

"ENTS goes West: Climbing and Mapping the World's Tallest Giant Sequoia"

Will Blozan atop  the Gabes Mt. Hemlock in GSMNP, TN

His talk will feature numerous photos and video from a tree-top perspective as he shares his passion and experiences in giant trees from coast to coast- culminating with three days spent in the tallest known giant sequoia.

Will Blozan is a co-founder and the president of the Eastern Native Tree Society (ENTS). Will has been a practicing arborist for over 24 years. He currently owns his own business as an arborist in Black Mountain North Carolina.  His passion for climbing and caring for trees brought him to Great Smoky Mountains National Park in 1993 where he worked on identifying, mapping, and inventorying old-growth forests. It was during this project that he discovered numerous champion trees and developed a fascination with old-growth forests. Will's climbs have helped pioneer arboreal efforts towards the development of precise survey techniques, including the documentation of some of the largest specimens of eastern trees ever recorded. Will Blozan is a living legend. Will has climbed and documented the tallest trees in North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, Pennsylvania, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, and elsewhere for both science and sport. He has been featured in several television documentaries. He was instrumental in adopting and refining techniques of western US canopy researchers which has allowed the ENTS to introduce three-dimensional crown mapping and volume modeling to eastern trees research. In addition to numerous eastern big/tall tree climbs Will has been assisting world-renowned canopy researchers on projects in the giant sequoias of California.


Each evening from 6:30 to 7:00 pm before the Summit speakers begin, a multimedia presentation will honor the life of Jani Leverett. 

The HCC Bookstore will have copies of Bob Leverett's "Sierra Club Guide to Ancient Forests of the Northeast" on hand.  No credit cards. 


Leverett at the "Jani Pine"

Mohawk Trail State Forest (2001)


Bob Leverett with fellow ENTS


ENTS Rendezvous 2010

October 16, 2010

10:00am - 9:00pm

Friends of Mohawk Trail State Forest (FMTSF) and the Eastern Native Tree Society (ENTS) wish to announce a special program at Mohawk Trail State Forest (MTSF) scheduled  for October 16, 2010. The annual Eastern Native Tree Society (ENTS) Rendezvous will be held on October 16th at Mohawk Trail State Forest (MTSF) from 10:00AM to 4:30PM and continue at the Charlemont Inn from 5:00PM until 9:00PM.

The daytime event will feature a climb and modeling of the Jake Swamp white pine, New England’s tallest accurately measured tree. Will Blozan, President of ENTS, from Black Mountain North Carolina and Bart Bouricius, a rainforest canopy structure builder will be making the climb. A short interpretive walk will follow the climb to showcase some of the other trees of MTSF, the forest icon of Massachusetts. The walk will include a discussion of how the trees are measured and the uses made of the resulting data. Attendees of the conference are invited witness the tree climb. Meeting place is the headquarters of Mohawk Trail State Forest. Time is 9:30AM.

Following the climb and interpretive walks, we will gather at 5:00PM at the historic Charlemont Inn, Charlemont, MA. Hor d’oeuvres will be featured from 5:00PM until 6:00PM at which time we will have a buffet dinner. If you plan to have dinner, you must register with the Charlemont Inn. Contact the Inn. You may also send an email to Robert T. Leverett at registering for dinner.

At 7:30PM there will be a concert celebrating nature and the trees. Attendance of the concert is free, though donations are appreciated in whatever amount you are willing to give. You can donate to ENTS or the Charlemont Inn Preservation Society. See the accompanying flyer for full information on the concert.

Music at the Charlemont Inn
Sunday October 16 at 7:30 pm


Fifth Annual Eastern Native Tree Society Evening of Music, Poetry and Prose

Eileen Ruby, mezzo-soprano; Benjamin Schwartz, cellist; Tanya Blaich, Monica Jakuc Leverett, and Christine Olson, pianists; Susan Middleton, Norma Roche, readers.

Music, poetry and prose celebrating Nature

The Charlemont Inn, Charlemont, MA •

Admission free; donations gratefully accepted for Eastern Native Tree Society and Charlemont Historical Preservation Society

Hors d’oeuvres at 5 pm; Dinner at 6 pm  $25/person, not including drinks.  Please make reservations by email:

Link to Google map,+MA&cid=0,0,16822103486595332266&ei=